Linux servers are a great, cost-effective way for businesses to store and share data. Linux is open-source, so it provides plenty of resources and community cooperation. However, that also brings security concerns.
If you’re going to run a Linux server, you have to know how to secure it properly. Here are the steps for securing a Linux server.
1. Keep the Linux Kernel and software updated
Updating the operating system and all applications is the first step to securing your Linux server. Having the latest patches will ensure that you have the most recent security fixes.
Linux provides many necessary tools and methods to ensure the update of the system, and all security updates should be implemented as soon as possible.
Centos: yum update Ubuntu: apt-get update && apt-get upgrade
2. Change password regularly
Setting passwords for your Linux system and the accounts you use with it can protect you from many security risks.
About how to change password, please refer to How to change passwords for users on the Linux server.
4. Enable the Firewall service and block unused ports
Please enable the firewall service and configure it only to allow network traffic that you designate.
5. Use SSH key Instead of the password
- Disable SSH password authentication.
- Restrict root from logging in remotely.
PasswordAuthentication yes PermitRootLogin yes
PasswordAuthentication no PermitRootLogin no
$ sudo service sshd restart
Final Thoughts on securing a Linux server
Linux may be the best server for your small business or enterprise, as distributions generally have a decent security posture automatically configured. Buy a secure and cheap Linux server today! 20%-50% off is available for new clients.